Bumps, lumps, rough patches, and discolored spots that appear in your mouth and on your tongue are oftentimes harmless. However, these symptom can also be clues to potential problems with your overall health. These marks can be indicators of infections, stress, improper medications, aging, and more.


Below is a list of warnings your tongue may be giving you, and when you should schedule an appointment with one of our doctors:


White Patches: Thick, milky white spots in your mouth and on your tongue may be symptoms of thrush, a fungal infection that is very common in small children. Thrush occurs whenever the bacteria in your mouth falls out of balance. This can happen after you become ill, or take medications that change your body’s oral chemistry. However, if you find hard, flat, white areas that are not easily scraped away, this can be a symptom of leukoplakia, and should be inspected by your doctor.


Hairy Tongue: Sometimes, tongues become coated in furry brown, black, or white patches. This will make your tongue appear hairy, and while it may feel alarming probably is not a serious condition. These patches are proteins that turn normal, small oral bumps into elongated strands due to food and bacteria being caught. Again, if these patches do not easily come off when you brush them, schedule an appointment with your doctor to ensure they are not signs of something more serious.


Black Tongue: As mentioned above, hairy tongue can reveal itself as black strands that change the color of your tongue. However, your tongue can also appear black after your saliva mixes with an ingredient called bismuth. Bismuth is a common ingredient in antacids. While a black tongue may be alarming to see, most often this is no reason for alarm and will go away on its own fairly quick.


Burning Tongue: If you feel a sudden sensation on your tongue as if you have just eaten something much too hot for your mouth, or develop a bitter or metallic taste, you may have burning mouth syndrome. This is a condition that affects the nerves in your tongue. This can be a problem associated with other health issues such as infection and diabetes, or may just be a sensitivity to a food or oral care product. If this condition persists, contact your doctor!


Bumps: Canker sores often appear under and around the tongue. These sores are small, red, and painful little bumps that can appear and disappear quickly. A single, painful bump at the tip could be transient lingual papillitis, “lie bumps,” which can pop up if your tongue gets irritated. A virus can also cause lots of little bumps on the tip and sides. If you have a lump on or under your tongue that hurts and doesn’t go away, let your doctor know. They’ll want to check you for oral cancer.


Wellspire Medical Group is here for you. Our doctors are dedicated to getting you the treatment you need, so you can live the life that you deserve! Schedule an appointment with us today to make sure you are doing everything you can for your health!



Wellspire Medical Group 

8901 Farm to Market 1960 Bypass Road W #101  

Humble, TX 77338  

(281) 446-7173